CPAM (Congenital pulmonary airway malformation ) is one of the more common types of malformation seen.
Congenital large hyperlucentlobe (Congenital lobar emphysema) is another example of a congenital lung lesion.It is usually seen in the neonatal period with a large cyst in the left upper lobe of the lung.
Bronchopulmonary sequestration is also an example of a lung cyst that can present with recurrent chest infections.Bronchopulmonary sequestration usually is a part of the lung that has its own inner lining and receives blood from the aorta.
The treatment of these congenital lung lesions is controversial.
Most paediatric pulmonologists will adopt a wait and see approach, however if these lesions become symptomatic or cause recurrent infections then surgical removal of these lesions become mandatory.